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An encephalocele is a region of herniated brain. The term meningocele refers to herniated dura (covering of the brain).

Complications for Encephalocele/Meningocele

The symptoms of an encephalocele or meningocele are watery discharge from a tube in the eardrum, watery discharge from the nose, and/or headaches. The watery discharge is spinal fluid that finds its way from the surrounding brain tissue into the mastoid bone. The fluid then enters the middle ear and drains out of an inserted tympanostomy tube or drains down the Eustachian tube and out of the nose.  Headaches occur from temporary loss of spinal fluid.

In all instances this condition requires surgical intervention to prevent meningitis and brain abscess.